RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) 鈥 To thunderous applause, Rio de Janeiro's mayor coronated King Momo on Friday, marking the beginning of the symbolic Carnival monarch's five-day reign over the revelry.

鈥淚 officially declare Carnival 2024 open!鈥 King Momo said after Mayor Eduardo Paes bestowed upon him a gigantic, silver and gold key. Confetti flew in a hall of the Palace of the City in the Botafogo neighborhood where the ceremony took place.

Looking on were the usual suspects of Rio鈥檚 Carnival scene: revelers dressed as folkloric characters, jaguars and 鈥榖ate-bolas鈥 鈥 exuberant clowns in identical, elaborate outfits who travel in packs. Festivities will last through to Feb 14.

Nowhere to be seen were the troubles recently ailing the tropical city: a dengue outbreak that days ago prompted the decree of public health emergency; a federal decree to combat a rise in violence by militias and drug-traffickers. Indeed, Carnival is a chance for people to temporarily put aside their troubles.

鈥淐arnival is everyone鈥檚 passion here,鈥 said Marcio Perrotta, who was carrying on a stick a huge, fake ox鈥檚 head, its horns decorated with flowers. 鈥淚鈥檓 happy to be part of this moment, because in normal life things are very hard for everyone.鈥

Paes on Thursday issued a decree making the key ceremony an annual official event, obliging his successors to participate. In 2017, former Mayor Marcelo Crivella broke with tradition and did not hand over the key.

Momo, played this year by Caio Cesar Dutra, is charged with 鈥減residing over Carnival festivities, participating in the parades and costume competitions, and promoting the joy of partygoers,鈥 City Hall said in its official gazette on Friday.

Brazil鈥檚 tourism minister Celso Sabino, also present at the ceremony, said 49 million people across Brazil will take part in festivities, 6.5% more than last year.

Around 200,000 foreigners are set to pour into the country and many of them - scantily dressed and covered in glitter - will join the street parties that occupy and dominate public spaces across Rio, Sao Paulo and other cities.

On Friday morning, the Carmelitas street party was already underway in Rio's bohemian Santa Teresa neighborhood.

Leonardo Xavier, 20, was kitted out as a blue-chested Smurf. 鈥淲e needed a quick costume that we could make in the subway. I said 鈥 let鈥檚 go as Smurfs! Just buy the paint, paint yourself, white shorts, all done!鈥

For others, the highlight will be the samba schools鈥 parades in Rio鈥檚 Sambadrome, which was designed by modernist architect Oscar Niemeyer and inaugurated 40 years ago this year.

The samba schools spend much of the year preparing gigantic floats and churning out elaborate costumes to enact a parade before millions of spectators - both present and watching live on television. A set of judges dish out scores and decide on the champion of the fierce competition.

Parade themes have become increasingly political in recent years, according to Fatima Lima, a professor in the scenic arts department of the State University of Santa Catarina.

鈥淪ince 2016, the plots have dialogued with concrete Brazilian politics, criticizing both the state and society,鈥 Lima said, pointing to a recent parade that told the story of Black city councilwoman Marielle Franco鈥檚 assassination. In 2020, samba school Sao Clemente depicted former president Jair Bolsonaro using satire. This year, a Black family鈥檚 fight for reparations will be showcased as

Authorities will distribute repellent in the Sambadrome this year, as Brazil faces a surge in dengue cases. Earlier this week, . At least four states 鈥 Acre, Minas Gerais and Goias, in addition to the Federal District 鈥 have done the same.

Dengue is not the only issue: crime tends to increase during Carnival. Rio state鈥檚 civil police will deploy an extra 3,300 officers and set up a temporary police station at the Sambadrome.

The city is already under a Guarantee of Law and Order decree, with federal troops deployed at ports and airports to impede the circulation of drugs after a surge in violence by militias and drug-traffickers.

The navy was monitoring arrivals in Rio鈥檚 downtown port on Jan. 31, an impact of the decree signed by President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva in November that expanded the armed forces鈥 activities. Tourists stepping off a cruise ship coming from Argentina were greeted by the sounds of samba and the soon-to-be-crowned King Momo 鈥 before having their bags scoured.

鈥淲e see pre-Carnival as a sensitive period because we end up having a high consumption (of drugs) during this time,鈥 said Federal Police delegate Jackson Rosales, as sniffer dogs inspected tourists鈥 luggage.

There were also concerns about security during blocos once the sun has gone down. A reveler in Rio was stabbed at dusk in January, when pre-Carnival festivities were already underway. He received treatment at a nearby hospital and was later discharged.

In the days preceding the event, videos of Carnival experts鈥 top tips to enjoy the festivities flood social media. Oft-repeated recommendations include leaving cellphones behind, avoiding costumes that complicate toilet trips and staying away from exes.

Back in Botafogo, tourism minister Sabino wished everyone a Carnival 鈥渇ull of joy, lots of happiness, but also full of responsibility.鈥

鈥淟ong live Carnival!鈥 he added.

Copyright 2024 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission.

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